The Thyroid Gland and Its Role in Fertility

The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland located at the base of the neck. The thyroid is extremely important for our metabolism. It regulates how we process food and use it for energy. It produces thyroxine which is the main hormone that is involved in all metabolic processes. When someone does not have enough thyroid hormone, it can cause havoc on the body and can lead to symptoms such as:

  • Weight gain, difficulty losing weight
  • Infections – (occur more frequently than usual)
  • Joint pain, muscle aches
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Fatigue
  • Being tired and sleepy
  • Depression
  • Infertility
  • Eczema
  • Cold intolerance
  • Goiter (swollen thyroid)
  • Menstrual cycle abnormalities
  • Hair loss
  • Memory problems, brain fog
  • Digestive issues
  • Low body temperature
  • Decreased libido

A deficiency in thyroid hormone slows down all processes in the body.

It is well known that thyroid hormone deficiency can lead to infertility.

In addition, low thyroid hormone production during pregnancy, a condition called hypothyroidism, can lead to miscarriages. Thyroid hormone is also necessary for fetal development during pregnancy and it is not uncommon for thyroid disorders to manifest during pregnancy.

Elevated levels of thyroid hormone (called hyperthyroidism) can also cause reproductive problems that show up as menstrual irregularities.

Maintaining proper thyroid balance is a delicate condition that must be managed carefully by a skilled practitioner.

If a woman is having trouble conceiving, then it is vital to get tested for hypothyroidism. Thyroid disease can be treated easily and when managed appropriately, can lead to dramatic results. For women struggling with infertility, in many cases the infertility is reversed.

Furthermore, women that are pregnant that have hypothyroidism which is appropriately managed go on to have healthy pregnancies.

Below are the names of some prominent thyroid advocates, resources, and websites. These resources are packed with information about thyroid disease. Investigate these resources at your leisure.

Hypothyroidmom.com, Dana Trentini
Mary Shomon, Thyroid.About.com
Janie Bowthorpe, Stop The Thyroid Maddness
Gena Lee Nolin, Thyroid Sexy
Danna Bowman, Thyroid Nation
Andrea Beaman, Holistic Health and Thyroid Expert
Dr. Datis Kharrazian, Dr. K.New

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